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What is Teeth Scaling, and Why is it Necessary?


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Teeth scaling is a procedure that is used to remove tartar buildup, plaque, and other buildup in the oral cavity, which can cause gum and tooth disease. Scaling involves removing the buildup with the help of rotary brushes. Manual instruments can also do it.

  • Necessity of scaling for the oral cavity.
  • The primary objective of scaling is to completely restore gum health by removing the plaque that causes gingival inflammation. 
  • Scaling can also help remove the stains from the teeth, for example, in the case of smokers.
  • Scaling can improve a person’s smile, thus enhancing beauty. 
  • It aids in preventing pocketing. 

Types of scaling

Many types of dental scaling will accomplish almost the same goals but to varying extents. Various scaling types include the following:

  • Prophylaxis cleaning is a reasonably simple cleaning method often performed by a hygienist. It is done to ensure clean teeth. 
  • Scaling and root planing is more of a deep cleaning method of scaling. It is done not only for the tooth surface but also for the root. 
  • Gross debridement is a form of cleaning that includes an extensive cleaning process for severe cases. In such cases, there is a lot of plaque and tartar buildup that needs to be thoroughly cleaned. 


Teeth scaling involves the removal of plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces using specialised instruments. The procedure of scaling is explained in straightforward ways.

  • Detailed checkup of the oral cavity

Before it starts, one must have a brief dental exam to check for tartar, plaque, or any other buildup that can threaten oral health. At this stage, the doctor examines the teeth and determines the amount of dental caries present.

  • Usage of metal tip
  1. A metal tip which is vibrating chips tartar off of the teeth above the gum line.
  2. A water spray on the scaler helps wash away the tartar and flushes plaque from the pockets of gums.
  3.  The dentist can use a manual dental scaler and a scraping device (a curette) to remove the remaining pieces of tartar. 
  • Smoothing of The Sides Of The Gum

The dentist or hygienist will then smooth the edges of the rough roots around your teeth and remove plaque by using a tool known as a dental coret. Doing this allows the gums to return to their position quickly and without discomfort.

Benefits of Scaling

There are certain benefits of scaling, including:

  • Plaque and bacteria don’t stick to the tooth’s smooth surface. 
  • Inflammation decreases, and gums start to heal. 
  • It is an effective treatment for periodontitis
  • It can help you not lose your gum tissue, bone, or even teeth and restore its health.

Care After a Scaling Appointment:

After the scaling appointment, the bacteria in the pockets will be removed. The patient has been instructed to perform oral hygiene to support oral health. Additional symptoms that may be experienced after a scaling appointment are :

  • Slight Discomfort, which can vary after scaling. 
  • The teeth can become more sensitive to temperature; sometimes, there might be some bleeding for a concise while afterward.
  • Over-the-counter painkillers, like ibuprofen, work well to help with discomfort. However, more potent painkillers can also be given if the person requires them.
  •  Brushing and flossing can be done more gently for some days following the deep cleaning procedure to avoid aggravating bruised or tender gum areas.
  • Your dentist or hygienist may also recommend salt water or chlorhexidine rinses as an alternative to regular at-home cleanings.

Why do dentists recommend scaling?

Dentists around the world recommend scaling because:

  • It prevents pocket formation as due to a continuous buildup of plaque, the gums lose their tight contact with teeth, thus resulting in deeper pockets and gum disease. 
  • Calculus can be removed deeply, and stains can be dealt with. 
  • Regular scaling keeps teeth clean, freshens breath, and contributes to dental health by preventing cavities and decay.
  • Scaling prevents the accumulation of plaque and tartar, which can erode tooth enamel and lead to decay or tooth loss.

Ways of  Scaling Teeth

Below are the ways to scale teeth.

  • Manual

Manual scaling refers to scaling done by hand instruments. This technique helps to remove the plaque and calculus. Proper strokes help remove the calculus. 

  • Ultrasonic Scaling

It is done by a mechanical ultrasonic machine, which is better at removing debris. Ultrasonic scaling is commonly used in clinical setups and helps prevent gum diseases. 

Does dental scaling hurt?

Dental scaling is a procedure that causes mild discomfort and is not painful at all. The whole process can quickly be completed in a single visit. A doctor should know your dental history before deciding to conduct scaling. Scaling every six months is generally advised for great results. 


Getting your teeth scaled isn’t just about making your smile look better. It’s essential for keeping your mouth healthy. When plaque and tartar are removed during scaling, it helps protect your teeth and gums. And when your mouth is healthy, it can make you feel better overall. So, embrace the shine, and let your smile radiate confidence, knowing that a healthy mouth lays the foundation for a healthier you. Dental scaling is a reasonably simple procedure to clean your teeth. A doctor advises it if it is necessary for the well-being of your teeth. 

Give your smile the care it deserves! Book your teeth scaling appointment now to keep your mouth healthy and happy.


  1. https://serenity.ae/what-is-dental-scaling/
  2. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/treatments/23983-tooth-scaling-and-root-planing

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